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Union Glossary

Please user this page as a reference for words or phrases commonly used within the Union Public Schools district. A PDF copy is also available.

Academic Resource Center

The district's Academic Resource Center (ARC) curriculum is an old term that was used to describe an enrichment program for students in grades 1-5 to emphasize higher-level thinking, creativity and problem solving and for 6-12th grades, gifted and talented programs are provided through honors, ARC and Advanced Placement (AP) classes.

ACE Camp

Two week summer program designed to assist rising juniors prepare for the PSAT. By invitation.

Advanced Placement

Union SchoolsBeginning with the 2001-2002 school year, Union consolidated all honors and gifted courses into the Advanced Placement (AP) program that follows academic guidelines established by the College Board, a nation-wide organization that focuses on preparing students for college. All secondary level honors and gifted courses carry the designation of pre-AP and AP.

Advancing Children Towards Success

This program works with elementary families, assisting them with problem solving, communication and other skills.

At Risk Referral Program

Forms are provided that assist in reporting and helping students in the areas of: tobacco, drugs, violence, homicidal threats, suicide, physical and sexual abuse, and general at-risk behaviors.

Athletic Drug Contract

Student athletes enter into a year-long contract which involves drug testing, counseling classes, community service, and accountability. The program is available to both students and parents.


A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal/nonverbal communication and social interaction. It is generally evident before age three and adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. The term does not apply if the child's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because of a serious emotional disturbance.

Character Counts!

In an effort to encourage the development of moral character in students, Union Public Schools has incorporated the Character Counts! program into its educational curriculum. Developed by the Josephson Institute of Ethics, the Character Counts! program is based on six core values, or "Pillars of Character": respect, responsibility, caring, trustworthiness, fairness and citizenship.

College and Career Reference Library

The College and Career Reference Library (CCRL) is located outside administrative offices in the east hall of Union High School, 6636 South Mingo Road. The purpose of the CCRL is: To provide students and their parents with college and career information To assist in the process of choosing a post-secondary college or career To apply for scholarship and financial aid to help meet career and educational goals To provide information regarding college entrance requirements To coordinate college testing programs

Community Partnership Programs

The district works together with other schools, churches, businesses, clubs, organizations and parent groups to help better our school and students.

Conflict Resolution

Students learn through peer mediation how to better solve their own conflicts and how to assist others in resolving conflicts.

Crisis and Intervention Counseling

Crisis counseling is provided with individuals or in groups.

Crisis Helpline

A crisis helpline is open 7 days a week, 24 hours a day, to any patron of the district who wants to report a crisis situation or to ask for information.


Deafness is a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is unable to process linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, and that inability adversely affects the child's educational performance.

Developmental Delays

A significant delay in one or more of the following domains: cognitive, physical (fine and gross motor, vision, or hearing), communication (speech and language), social or emotional, and adaptive exhibited by children ages three through five, who are in need of special education and related services.

Drug-Free Youth

Union SchoolsThis organization involves students in grades 7-12 who have made a commitment to be drug-free. To join, each student must take an initial drug test, then submit to random testing. This student organization is especially active and focuses on influencing others, especially younger students.

English as a Second Language

English as a Second Language (ESL) classes provide instruction to non-English speaking students to help meet their cultural and linguistic needs. Students learn communication and assimilation skills in order to be productive citizens of our state.

Evening Academy

Evening Academy – commonly called Night School - is an opportunity for students to complete needed credits or to gain enrichment. Normal school rules apply to night school. See Curriculum on the Union Public Schools web site.

Gang Resistance Education and Training

(GREAT) - This program is administered in partnership with the Tulsa Police Department, providing an officer who teaches a gang resistance program to all 7th graders.

Gifted and Talented

"Gifted and talented" children means those children identified at the elementary and secondary level as having demonstrated potential abilities of high performance capability and needing differentiated or accelerated education or services. For the purpose of this definition, "demonstrated abilities of high performance capability" means those identified students who score in the top three percent on any national standardized test of intellectual ability. Said definition may also include students who excel in one or more of the following areas: creative thinking ability, leadership ability, visual/performing arts ability, specific academic ability.

Gold Key Members

Union Public Schools invites senior citizens to become Gold Key Club members and attend any of our school-sponsored activities as our guest. The Gold Key Pass gives Union supporters who are at least 62 years of age and living on a retirement income free admittance to home athletic events as well as the many outstanding performances and programs hosted by the Union Fine Arts Department. For more information about obtaining a Gold Key Pass, contact the Education Service Center at (918) 357-4321.

Grade Equivalent

The Grade Equivalent (GE) score describes test performance in years and months since the beginning of the school year. For example, a score of 3.7 indicates third grade, seventh month. A Grade Equivalent score shows the average grade level of students in the norm group who scored the same as a particular student or class.

Hearing Impairment

A hearing impairment, whether permanent or fluctuating, is not as severe as deafness, but it also adversely affects a child's educational performance

Johnson O'Malley Program

The JOM program, funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, is administered by the Student Services department office located at the Education Service Center. The office also administers the Title IX, Enrollment Program.

Mental Retardation

Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child's education performance.

Multiple Disabilities

Concomitant impairments, the combination of which causes such severe educational problems that the disabilities cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.

Normal Curve Equivalent

The Normal Curve Equivalents (NCE), derived from Percentile Rank, are normalized Standard Scores with a norm of 50. NCEs are the scores that result from dividing the normal curve into 99 equal units. This ensures the equality of the magnitude of the differences between NCEs.

Northeast Tobacco Free Oklahoma Coalition

The district participates in Students Working Against Tobacco (SWAT) and TATU (Teens Against Tobacco Use).

Oklahoma Literacy Improvement Act

Students must demonstrate reading proficiency before obtaining an Oklahoma driver's license

Operation Aware

This program is aimed at students in grades 3-8, and provides drug and violence education and prevention with a focus on refusal skills, including positive and practical options.

Orthopedic Impairments

A severe skeletal impairment that adversely affects a child's education performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of a limb), impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

Parent Teacher Association

Also known as the PTA, it is a nationally-recognized association comprised of teachers, parents and other people interested in support the public education system.

Parent/Student Involvement Programs

Union SchoolsTwo programs in substance abuse and anger management are designed for prevention and intervention purposes. The student and accompanying parent and/or guardian attend these after-school one-hour sessions to gain assistance and information helping them in the areas of drug use or violence. These programs can serve as alternatives to suspension.

Parenting Classes

Classes are offered to district secondary and elementary parents for those wanting to improve parenting skills. The curriculum includes drug awareness, and helps identify options to violence and other misbehavior.

Peer Influencing

This program allows D-FY and other students to serve as positive role models with younger students. They work directly with the students by putting on assemblies, performing skits, and playing/working with them in the cafeteria, on the playground, and in their classrooms. The purpose of the program is to influence younger children early to make right choices. "High School Heroes" are also trained to visit elementary and middle schools to assist with tobacco prevention programs.

Percentile Rank

Percentile Rank (PR) score indicates the percent of students in the norm or reference group whose scores for a test fall below a particular student’s raw score. National Percentile Rankings are based on the performance of students nationwide. State Percentile Rankings are based on the performance of the statewide group, while Local Percentile Rankings are based on student scores from Union Public Schools.

Proof of Residence

Acceptable proof of residence includes current, original electric, gas or water bill reflecting the service address OR current, original lease agreement/house contract reflecting property address, agent's name, address and phone number. The district will not accept telephone or cable bills, driver's licenses, checks or pieces of mail as proof of residence.

Raw Score

A raw score is the number of items answered correctly for a test. It does not indicate which items were answered correctly.

Red Ribbon Week

Program involving entire district through activities with assemblies, speakers, and a variety of ways to reinforce the message of remaining drug free. This is organized as a fun, activity when parents, students and teachers work together to promot Red Ribbon Week.


Preschool children ages three through five and students enrolled in K-12 who are suspected of having disabilities which may require special and related services may be referred for screening and evaluation through the local schools.

Reflections Program

The local, state and national Parent-Teacher Associations sponsor an annual cultural arts program that encourages students to pursue artistic expression through literature, musical composition, photography and the visual arts. Each year, the Reflections Program challenges students to create art supporting a specific theme, selected from ideas submitted by students.

Renegade Regiment

Union SchoolsThe Union High School Renegade Regiment marching band holds a long list of honors and recognition as a result of its longstanding tradition of striving for excellence in both music performance and marching. The uniqueness of the Union High School band resides in its consistently meeting high standards in all aspects of music performance.

School Resource Officers

The SRO program involves officers assigned to the school district from the Tulsa County Sheriff's Department, Tulsa Police Department, and Broken Arrow Police Department. Officers work directly with students, parents, teachers and staff in assisting with education, prevention and intervention projects.


Screening activities may include vision, hearing and health. Other screening activities may include: review of records and educational history; interview; observations; and specially developed readiness or educational screening instruments. The Regional Education Service Centers provide assistance and consultation to local schools in these efforts.

Speak Out Program

This is a collaborative program between the Tulsa County Sheriff's Department, Tulsa Police Department, and local prisons. At-risk students visit and tour prisons, hearing from prisoners who are trained to speak with students about the consequences of making improper choices and the importance of making positive ones.

Specific Learning Disability

A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language (spoken or written) that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or to do mathematical calculations. The term does not apply to children who have learning problems resulting primarily from visual, hearing or motor disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage

Speech or Language Impairment

A communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Standard Score

Standard scores are produced from a single scale of scores that is continuous from K-12 and across all test levels. Standard scores on the ITBS range from 80-372.


Stanine scores express test results in nine equal steps that range from 1 (lowest) to 9 (highest). The average stanine is a score of 5. Stanines, which are similar to Percentile Rankings, are relatively easy to use. In general, stanine scores of 1, 2, and 3 are below average; 4, 5, and 6 are average; and 7, 8, and 9 are above average.

Student Assistance Programs

The goal of the Union Student Assistance Program is to assist in developing a safe, disciplined and drug-free environment. See Secondary Curriculum Programs on the Union Public Schools website for more information.

Super Saturdays

ACT and SAT review sessions. Scheduled three times a year.

Support Groups

The district sponsors 10 weekly support groups for grades 6-12, including the school improvement programs.

Title IX Program

The JOM program or Title IX, funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, is administered by the Student Services department office located at the Education Service Center, 5656 S. 129 E. Ave. The office also administers the Title IX, Enrollment Program.

Tobacco Prevention/Cessation Program

This program is designed for students who have been suspended for violating the district's tobacco use policy for suspension reduction or for prevention purposes. The class is conducted before or after school hours and is taught by a trained facilitator. 

Traditional Learning Calendar

The traditional learning calendar is the regular school calendar which includes a holiday break and summer vacation.

Traumatic Brain Injury

An acquired brain injury, caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory/perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, information processing and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.


Union Multipurpose Activity Center. The website is located at

Union Alternative Education Program

The Union Alternative Education Program was created to better meet the needs of Union students who have not been successful in their regular education programs. Middle school and secondary school students are enrolled in the program, which is housed in a at 5656 S. 129th E. Ave. This is NOT a punishment program; instead, it is intended to lead students back into success in the mainstream of education through the use of innovative teaching techniques, greater access to counseling services, more individualized courses of study, flexible scheduling, lower student/teacher ratios of no more than 15:1, and a more supportive classroom atmosphere.  The middle school program was added in 2007.

Union Professional Development Center

The Union Professional Development Center strives to provide opportunities for its educators to integrate technology with learning, develop effective instructional strategies, and create student-based curriculum which addresses the needs of individual students.

Union Public Schools

Union Public Schools is a rapidly growing suburban, K-12 district in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The 28-square-mile area that comprises Union is unique in that it does not encompass a township, but rather incorporates within its boundaries much of southeast Tulsa and the northwest portion of nearby Broken Arrow. The school system acts as a unifying organization within the community, providing activities for its families and a sense of pride, support and identity for its patrons.

Visual Impairment

An impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

Week Without Violence

This program is organized through the Tulsa Mayor's office and other organizations, agencies and schools; it runs in conjunction with Red Ribbon Week.


Union's Fine Arts Department proudly presents YouthArts!, an annual fine arts festival showcasing the creative works and talents of elementary and secondary students. Under the direction of the district's more than 50 fine arts teachers, the week-long event is scheduled in late April and includes a variety of performances and exhibitions all open to the public.